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Dissecting Dragon Age Lore – Dragons




Welcome to the fourth part in my Dragon Age lore dissection series. So far, I’ve talked about Darkspawn, dwarves, and Qunari. This time, I will discuss… dragons. Who are quite mysterious, considering that the series bears their name.

The Games

In the first game, there’s certainly not much to know about them. “Dragon Age” is a name from the Chantry calendar. The church named the century where the game takes place after dragons, as the beasts had begun appearing after being absent for a long time – until one went on rampage near the end of the Blessed Age. This prompted Divine Faustine II to give the next century a dragon’s name.

Still, in Origins they do not appear more than powerful, but nonetheless simple beasts. They’re highly territorial, and breed rapidly – but only very few reach the “high dragon” stage, where they take the size and shape we associate with dragons. They begin their life as dragonlings, deer-sized voracious reptiles. They then become drakes, which are larger, but still flightless. Male dragons never grow past that point, while female ones undergo a much larger growth until they become high dragons.

We meet one high dragon in Origins, who serves as an optional boss fight. During the quest for the Urn of the Sacred Ashes, the Warden meets a cult revering it as a reincarnation of Andraste. Even if the Warden cuts them all down, the dragon shows no signs of caring. It’s possible to take the ashes and leave without ever disturbing it, but you can also lure it in and defeat it. And what RPG player would turn down such an opportunity? Especially given how you need its scales for the best armor sets in the game.

In Awakening, the expansion to the first game, we fight another dragon… as a more or less random encounter. It’s just one thing in that expansion that’s pretty weird.

In Dragon Age 2, a high dragon likewise appears as an optional fight, to culminate the questline concerning a very unfortunate mine. The battle is… long. In a game full of damage sponges, the dragon is perhaps the worst. We don’t learn anything about dragons we didn’t already know.

Inquisition lets us fight ten different high dragons, each with a different sub-species name and sharing three different types of deadly breath. They’re challenging fights, as far as Inquisition goes, but still become fairly easy once you know which mechanics to lean on to win.

Those are not the only dragon fights in the series, though. We can also fight Flemeth, the Witch of the Wilds, who turns into a dragon to fight us. Then there’s the final boss of the Origins campaign, the Archdemon. The leader of the Darkspawn is supposedly an Old God of Tevinter, corrupted by the Blight. Later on, we find confirmation that it is, indeed, the case. And the fact that it takes the form of a dragon is undeniable either way.

This is where it gets interesting. The Old Gods of Tevinter being dragons is one the earliest hints that the beasts might be more than just a particularly large and deadly sort of territorial predator. But not the only one. From the very beginning, dragon blood is shown to have power. Drinking it lets warriors become reavers. There are dragon cults around regular dragons, not just Old Gods.

The Comics

Still, in order to get the juicy details, we need to dig into the tie-in comic books. One such juicy detail is the existence of great dragons, revealed in Silent Grove. It’s a stage of dragon growth beyond the high dragon form. According to Yavana, they went into hiding after the Tevinter Imperium fell, and humans started to hunt them down. The Witches of the Wilds helped them hide, as “their blood is Thedas’ blood”, and they didn’t want humanity to destroy what it doesn’t understand. I suppose a couple thousand human peasants burnt to death is a small price when you’re a shape-changing witch.

Unfortunately, Yavana is a Witch of the Wilds – Flemeth’s daughter and Morrigan’s sister. True to family tradition, she’s hopelessly cryptic and treats straight answers like Anders treats Templars.

According to her, the legendary king Calenhad, the founder of Ferelden, found such a dragon, and another Witch of the Wilds. He made a deal to drink the dragon’s blood and gain tremendous power. It would make him a reaver, one supposes, but apparently a more powerful one than others. This version of the story is corroborated by Sten – or rather, the Arishok, at the time he appears in Those who Speak.

That’s not all Sten has to say on the general subject of dragons, however. As I mentioned in my Qunari article, the Tome of Koslun has something to say about the Old Gods:

“The Old Gods were unto dragons as the first human kings were unto ordinary men.”

That’s fairly direct. My first connection after reading those words were the Evanuris – supposedly the elven gods, in reality mage-rulers with earth-shattering power. Could the Old Gods have been similar figures to the dragons? But there’s one problem. Namely, the Evanuris weren’t human. They were elves.

I doubt that what Sten said is a complete lie, because why would it even be there? Those comics aren’t long, and wasting space on a red herring seems unlikely. There are a few possibilities, then. The first is that the “first human kings” does not refer to the Evanuris at all. Humans had their own god-kings. We don’t know anything about them otherwise, but then, we know extremely little about humanity’s origin in Thedas.

The second possibility is that while the Tome of Koslun speaks truth, it’s not entirely accurate. So it calls the Evanuris “humans”, even though they weren’t. We have a similar situation with the Chant of Light, which does tell the truth, but also distorts it. It could even be that humans and elves were once the same people. Elves associate the loss of their immortality with the coming of humans. This is false, but could the humans be a result of the elves losing immortality?

This is all wild speculation on my part, so let’s move on to something more concrete. I do believe that the Old Gods were dragons’ god-kings, the most powerful of their kind. We know that dragons grow beyond the stage we encounter in the games. Or did, once. Maybe the Old Gods were the pinnacle of this growth.

This, of course, opens up a new set of questions. If the Old Gods are or were the oldest and most powerful of dragons, why were they asleep? According to Yavana, the great dragons hid after the fall of Tevinter. But the Old Gods spoke to the minds of Dreamers before Tevinter existed – in fact, they’re the ones who orchestrated its rise. When and why did they fall into slumber?

The most likely explanation appears to be that the creation of the Veil caused this. Aurelian Titus says that before the Veil, the dragons ruled the skies. He’s a Tevinter Magister who wants to use the blood of great dragons to power ancient Tevinter magic. To this end, he captures king Maric, and tries to get his hands on Alistair as well. Thus proving that Calenhad did drink dragon blood. Welcome to the “cultural hero/god/founding figure who’s actually awful” club, Calenhad. It might get a little crowded in here.

Titus’ plan is to tap into the power of the Dreamers. The Magisters could once enter the Fade, reshape it to their whims and control others through their dreams. He wants to control the minds of the entire world this way. To this end, he’s using a device from ancient Tevinter… but powering it up with dragon blood. Or what little of it remains in the last Theirins’s veins. He says that the old Magisters were “so close”, and all they needed was great dragons’ blood.

So, why didn’t they have it? If my theories are correct, they worshipped the dragons’ gods as their own. But perhaps the great dragons weren’t keen on parting with their blood, even so. And not even the Tevinter Imperium could match them… but then, how did the humans hunt them to near-extinction after Tevinter crumbled?

Regardless, it does show us that the dragons’ blood has power over the Fade. Blood magic does, in general – it can amplify any magical feat, in addition to its unique capabilities. And it can tear open the Veil. Using dragon blood seems to accomplish all that and more.

We also remember that lyrium is the Titans’ blood. So it just continues the theme of blood being power. Whether it’s human blood, elven blood, dragon blood or Titan blood.

The Old Gods contacted the Dreamers of the human tribes that would become Tevinter. So they had a presence in the Fade. Could it be their spirits were trapped there, after Solas broke the two worlds apart and created the Veil? If so, maybe the entire purpose of elevating Tevinter and teaching them blood magic was… to get out. Create a civilization that would produce mages powerful enough to tear open the Veil, and free them. But, as we know, it went horribly wrong.

Fitting it All Together

Another mention of dragons ruling the skies is found in a fairly unlikely place, in the games themselves. When we visit the Hissing Wastes, we find dwarven ruins. Those dwarves built a thaig on the surface, as their Paragon couldn’t bear his invention being used for war among other dwarves. A researcher’s journal we can find there indicates that the dwarves feared dragons a great deal. They warned one another to be wary of them if they should breach the surface and look at the sky.

As the journal’s author notes, that’s a lot of trepidation about a creature most dwarves would never see. Perhaps dragons were part of the reason dwarves stayed underground to begin with. But, as I’ve explained in my dwarven article, we know so very little about them.

What we’ve got here is a somewhat unclear chronology. It seems that the dragons were active, and dominated the skies, before Solas created the Veil and made Thedas what it is now. Do the writings in the Hissing Wastes predate the Veil, then? Or did dragons continue to be a threat after the worlds came apart?

What Yavana said about the great dragons would suggest that it was the case. But human civilizations grew on the surface despite the dragons. So there’s a bit of an incongruity here.

Another possibly related bit of knowledge is a torn notebook by an elven Qunari convert, found in the Deep Roads in Trespasser. They wonder why there are elven statues underground, and reminisces about how according to Dalish myth, the dwarves fear the sun because of Elgar’nan’s fire. They even theorize that it might be a metaphor for the Elvhen driving the dwarves underground. Could it be they used dragons to do it? Ancient elves do seem to have some connection to dragons. Or at least, Mythal does. Her mortal vessel, Flemeth, can take on a dragon’s form, and there’s still a dragon serving her.

In my last article, I brought up the likely connection between the Qunari and dragons. I don’t really have any insights now that I didn’t have back then. When Aurelian Titus uses the power of dragonfire to incinerate some Qunari, he says “It could have been their birthright. Instead, it just kills.” Does he mean the Qunari, or the Theirin line? Considering who he’s melting alive at the time, I’m inclined to say the former, but I can’t be sure.

I would like to point out something I decided to save for this one, however. The Scaled Ones. In Descent, we can encounter journals of a young dwarven soldier from before the First Blight. Turns out they had amazingly resilient paper back then. Or… what does an underground civilization make books out of?

Anyway, they went to fight some strange creatures who had been sighted in the tunnels. They describe “a man’s body like those of the Imperium humans, but covered in scales”. The “scaled ones” also had some sort of priest or mage, who could cast fire from their hand and mouth. They were draining dead dwarves of blood for an unknown purpose.

We also see a mosaic of a reptilian humanoid in the lost temple of Dirthamen. What does that mean? Heck if I know. But I feel like the Qunari weren’t the only attempt to emulate dragons.

As I discussed in more detail in my Darkspawn article, the Old Gods now become Archdemons and lead Blights. I suppose I have reached a point where all the threads of lore intersect. And like I said back then, we don’t know just why the Darkspawn seek out the Old Gods. They follow their song in the dark, and reach out for perfection they can never have. Is it simply a twisted echo of the desire the Magisters Sidereal felt when they assaulted the heavens? Or something more?

And, of course, Morrigan used an Archdemon to continue the same mission Yavana and other Witches undertook. Save the remnants of the ancient world, including the dragons. Thus, she tries to arrange for the soul of Urthemiel to enter her unborn child, instead of possessing a Grey Warden and annihilating them both.

We know even less about dragons than about other parts of the lore, but some things become apparent. The Old Gods join the roster of ancients, alongside the Evanuris and Titans. Other gods who turned out to be something less. Or just different. Is a god less of a god because it wasn’t always this way? The dragons may have entered the franchise as challenging boss fights with good loot, but they’re clearly intimately tied to Thedas itself.

Images courtesy of BioWare

Michał is a natural meddler, driven to take fiction apart and see how it works. In The Fandomentals, he examines fantasy and gaming with a critical, and somewhat cranky, eye.



The Unattainable Beauties of BioWare





Happy week after Valentine’s Day! For those of you in a relationship, I hope you were able to spend time with your loved ones and maybe have a little romance. For those of you who are single, I hope that it wasn’t a terribly bitter or frustrating day. In honor of both these states, I’m going to be writing about Bioware characters. But not romanceable characters, oh no. Enough ink has been spilled about them. No, today, we are going to be talking about the ones who for whatever reason are non-romanceable. In fact, it’s going to be a list of who I consider to be the best non-romanceable characters in Bioware games.

A few ground rules first though. First, this list is completely and totally subjective. If you feel like I’ve missed a character, let me know in the comments. Most of these characters are either from the Mass Effect Series or the Dragon Age series. Those are the games I know the best have have played the most. Finally, I’m only going to list five male and five female characters. I could go on all day if allowed.

So, with that out of the way, let’s start with the guys. And first on that list is…

Black Whirlwind

Right off the bat we get a character who seems to contraindicate my first two points. He’s from Jade Empire and isn’t normally the type of character I’d enjoy. But let me justify his place on my list. First off, he’s just a fun character. Pretty much his entire character is dedicated to fighting things with his axes, drinking, and drinking while fighting with his axes. Second of all, given what we do see of his backstory, he’s fairly sympathetic. He was abused by his father until he was finally to defend himself and killed his father, and then was tossed out by his mother. He fought in the arena until he thought he killed his brother. And finally, his voice. Victor Brandt voices him in the game, and that man could read from the stock exchange and make it sound like he was trying to seduce you.

Nathaniel Howe

I can understand why they chose not to have any love interests in Awakening. A lot of the companions are missable and even if they aren’t, there’s better than 50-50 odds that they would die at the end of the expansion. That doesn’t excuse them from making Nathaniel Howe though. He has a compelling and sympathetic backstory, an interesting perspective on the location and events, and a sardonic sense of humor that lets him either play the straight man or the funny man in conversations. And! He got an easter egg quest in Dragon Age 2. I just wish they had followed through and included him in Dragon Age Inquisition (and gave us the chance to smooch him.)

Teagan Guerrin

Bann Teagan gets a bit of a bad rap now, particularly after Trespasser. Time (and the switch to a new engine) were not kind to him, but I remember a different Teagan. A Teagan that stood up to Loghain. A Teagan that risked his life to defend Redcliffe, and then walked straight into a demon’s clutches to buy your party sometime. From a story perspective, having a female human warden marry (or at least be involved with) an up and coming Bann would make just as much sense politically as marrying her to the new king. And from a purely personal standpoint, I would have loved for him to respond to the “Who is dis women Tegan?” quote by saying “My future wife.”

Jeff ‘Joker’ Moreau

Ever since Mass Effect 1, Joker’s presence at the front of the Normandy has been very welcome. Snarky, quick with a quip and a comment about any of your companions, the only fault I have with him was that he was far too quick to abandon the Alliance and hook up with a bunch of racist, human supremacist terrorists in Mass Effect 2. But the fact that he’s loyal specifically to Shepard always melts my heart. I was hoping that in Mass Effect 3 he finally would be a romance option, but alas he was infatuated with EDI. It took a great deal of self control not to sabotage that relationship.

Ser Barris

And here we come to my favorite non-romanceable male character: Ser Derin Barris of the Templar Order. Dude has it all. Good voice and one of the few male PoCs in the series. In addition, he’s everything that a Templar is supposed to be: brave, intelligent, loyal, and willing to defend the weak and the innocent. And yet, after the quest to recruit the Templars, you only see ever see him one more time. The cutscene where he is promoted to Knight-Commander. (A promotion he deserves.) I can only hope that he reappears in Dragon Age 4 as a full romanceable companion.

That covers my five favorite non-romanceable male characters. But what about the ladies? Let’s start with…

Gianna Parasini

Gianna Parasini was one of those characters I didn’t expect to find myself liking as much as I did. When you first meet her in Mass Effect 1, she’s working (undercover) for Novaria’s Internal Affairs. She quickly shows herself not to be completely amoral. Just overworked, overstressed, and tired of being a Yes-Woman to a corrupt executive. When you see her again in Mass Effect 2, she’s much less stressed, and much more willing to joke with Shepard.  She leaves far too soon, leaving a male Shepard with a kiss and a promise to see him around. A promise, unfortunately, left unfulfilled.

Dr. Karin Chakwas

Dr. Chakwas is an interesting addition to this list. She is much older then Shepard. She seems at first to be a poor match. But much like Joker, she offers Shepard a sense of continuity aboard the Normandy. She even mentions that as one of the reasons why she stays aboard the Normandy in all its various incarnations. And, unlike some returning squadmates or even Joker himself at times, her presence aboard the ship never seems forced. Of course Dr. Chakwas will be in the medical bay. Of course she’ll be happy to see you. And of course she’ll be waiting to share a drink with you.

Dr. Lexi T’Perro

Unlike Dr. Chakwas, Dr. Lexi doesn’t really provide much in the way of continuity between different versions of the ship. Instead, she almost provides a mirror for Ryder to see himself and his actions. When she’s first brought aboard as your team’s doctor, she’s nervous. And she channels this nervous energy into annoying practically everyone else on the ship. But as she gets more comfortable with the ship and how things work, she starts to relax a little. Not much, but a little. Add to that her backstory in addition to the fact that she seems to care for the team’s mental health as much as their physical health and you get a character who would be perfect to romance. Shame she’s not an option.

Emily Wong

Emily Wong is one of the most frustrating examples on this list. In Mass Effect 1, she filled the ‘plucky reporter’ archetype so well that I missed being able to speak with her or give her an interview in Mass Effect 2. As the release date for Mass Effect 3 drew closer and rumors of a romanceable reporter on board the Normandy began to swirl, I had hope that it would be Emily.  I was bitterly disappointed. The reporter character on the Normandy was quite weak compared to the strong impression Emily gave in Mass Effect 1. And Emily Wong herself? Unceremoniously killed off in a marketing ploy before the game was released. She deserved better.


Vivienne is a ‘love her or hate her’ type of character. As you can tell by her inclusion on this list, I am in the former camp. Aside from being one of the few women of color companions in the game, Vivienne brings to the table a unique perspective: A mage who fully supports a return to the Circles. Not only that, but she has clear, eloquent arguments to back her up. In addition to that, she has a very striking character design and a wonderful voice actress. Most important of all though is that if her approval of the Inquisitor is high, she seems to genuinely care about them and their well being. I just wish that she didn’t politely shoot you down every time you flirted with her.

So there you have it. My five favorite male and female non-romanceable NPCs from Bioware games. However, there is one person that I have thus far neglected to mention. Or rather, one group of people. That’s right, I’m talking about…


In Dragon Age: Origins, it was just a bit of trivia. “Hey, did you know that you can’t romance Qunari and dwarf characters?” When Dragon Age 2 came out and we were introduced to Varric, it became a joke. But at least the dwarf fans could still console themselves by remembering that there hadn’t been any Qunari romanceable companions either. By the time of Dragon Age Inquisition and the introduction of Iron Bull and Lead Scout Lace Harding, it’s become one of my main problems with the series.

For the life of me, I can’t figure out why. Why wouldn’t Bioware let us romance Scout Harding, or any other dwarf for that matter? Is it because the animation would look awkward? Too much work? In the end, I can only repeat the refrain so many others have, pining after characters who they couldn’t romance: “Maybe next game.”

Images courtesy of Bioware

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Kingdom Come, Representation, And Layers Of Privilege





Kingdom Come: Deliverance is a brand new Czech video game that just came out last week. And ever since its development started, there has been one big controversy connected to it: its almost complete lack of characters of colour.

It isn’t exactly helped by the fact that the chief mind behind the game, Dan Vávra, is right-leaning, and also a bit of an asshole when it comes to responding to these complaints. He doesn’t go far for an insult and refuses to listen to any kind of criticism. Not exactly the kind of person that makes one want to defend him.

So…this is where this article should end, right? A jerk makes a racist game, news at seven.

Well. It’s a bit more complicated than that.

Vávra isn’t the only person working in the development. And the most important thing to know about the game in this context is that it’s not a generalized medieval setting. Instead, it takes place in a particular set of villages and towns and the surrounding forests, villages, and towns that exist until today and that aren’t and never have been big or cosmopolitan in any way. A number of events in the game are based on historical events. It isn’t just a story, it the story of Česká Skalice just before the Hussite wars.

In this context, the usual arguments of “there were plenty of people of colour in Europe in the Middle Ages” fall kind of flat. The usual argument of historicity that is pulled for this is frequently false because Western history is whitewashed and contained markedly more people of colour that we like to pretend. But it’s not always false. There actually were parts of the world where only white people lived. And not only are there no particular historical marks of black, brown or Asian people being present in the particular time and place where Kingdom Come takes place, it would also be very unlikely.

Honestly, the most likely place to find a person of colour in the time period would be Sigismund’s armies, and since those play more the role of the antagonist in the game, that’s not exactly ideal. So this is not, in fact, a case of ignoring the real historical presence of black and Middle-Eastern people.

Instead, the first question to ask here is: is it ever legitimate to create all-white media? If we’re depicting a situation where there realistically wouldn’t be any people of colour – not just history, there are still plenty of towns in the world a non-white person has never set foot in – is it all right to make it whiter than new house paint?

On the face of it, the answer should be yes. As long as we’re depicting an actual situation, we’re depicting. And yet. It may be “accurate,” but it might at the same time be unwise in the current climate, where every all-white piece of media contributes to a narrative that is far from inclusive to people of colour.

So the second question: does it even matter? That is, is historical realism such an important goal to achieve?

Most media that supposedly take place in the past play hard and fast with history to make things more convenient for the narrative, so why should the amount of diversity, of all things, be what is kept realistic? It shouldn’t, that is the answer. As long as other things are changed freely, the argument of historicity is irrelevant one way or another.

Kingdom Come, however, is a game that takes great care to be as realistic as possible. The most frequent complaint from players at the moment is the insane difficulty of lockpicking because that isn’t easy in real life either. So does this change anything? Is the argument of historicity valid in such a case? In other words, even in those media that do their best to stay historically faithful, is such an ambition a worthy goal? Is it more important to have something fit history perfectly than to provide representation?

Accusations of rewriting history would naturally follow a negative answer. First, it’s important to point out that it’s no more rewriting than the constant whitewashing, and with a much better intention. But it is true that with a game that boasts of its realism, it presents a problem. It would discredit their claims of historicity if they simply ignored these kinds of facts. You cannot painstakingly reconstruct medieval Skalice and then add random representation from all over the world without becoming a laughing stock. Not the least because this sort of rewriting of history would play down the racism of the past, and that is not an excuse we should be making for ourselves.

Unless we say that media has to abandon goals of high historical realism, then, we have to admit that in certain setting an all-white cast is appropriate. So that brings forth another question: is it legitimate to choose such settings?

And this brings us to the more complicated power dynamics at play when it comes to Kingdom Come.

As I’ve said, Kingdom Come is a Czech game, dealing with events from Czech history. My history. We, as a country, have always played the lovely game of being both oppressors (towards Slovaks, the Jewish and the Romani people, and even Germans after WWII) and oppressed (by the Austrian empire, Nazi Germany, USSR). In the global world of today, we’re far from being the ones in the most desperate situation, but we’re also hardly the top dogs. On the global scale, we’re a minority.

And both our history and our present are mostly white.

Just to be perfectly clear, this is not a good thing. I’m not saying it as a good thing. It massively contributes to the widespread xenophobia in the Czech Republic. But it is what it is. The fact remains that our by far biggest minority are the Romani people, who form about 3% of the population. So every time you tell a Czech story, it is going to be overwhelmingly white.

So should we be allowed to tell our own stories?

Kingdom Come, of course, is not made for the Czech market. It’s distributed globally, and it means it has a global effect, on people who know nothing of our particular context. As an all-white medieval game – which is all most people will take out of it – it perpetuates exactly the image of whitewashed history that we need to rid ourselves of. It becomes part of the problem.

So does this mean, then, that when we want global money, we have to change the image of our own history to avoid exacerbating the global problem of racism? That is problematic as well, especially as making the game for Czech audience only is not a real option. Our ten million people total don’t make for a big enough audience to pay for a game with this kind of budget. It’s another kind of disadvantage global minorities have. It shouldn’t be necessary to pay for it by adjusting our stories.

And even disregarding that, what if we want to show our stories and our world to the rest of the planet? What if we want to share ourselves? We should be able to do that.

Yet…what if what we want to share turns into a white fantasy in others’ hands?

It seems it shouldn’t be such a big deal. Who cares if we change the skin colour of some characters in the story? It’s still going to be a Czech story. But the problem is, it doesn’t quite work that way. After all, that is the “I don’t see colour” argument, only in reverse.

What I’m about to say will sound insanely racist to anyone from a more cosmopolitan country, but when I was little, I didn’t like watching Sesame Street because the multi-ethnic children there were making it so very foreign to me. I saw them and instantly knew it wasn’t my world. Outside of my travel abroad, I spoke to one non-white person total before adulthood. And I live in the capital, the most multicultural part of the country. Whatever it says about us, the truth is that if we populate historical Czech stories with black people, most Czechs will not regard it as their story.

But there is a reason I was specific in this last sentence. There are truly very few black people living in this country even now. You know who is living here, though? The aforementioned Romani. The presence of Romani people in the game would not make any Czech person feel like it was not our story. It would make them angry — because the racism the Romani face in the Czech Republic is something incredibly ugly — but it would not make the game feel foreign. The Romani minority has been here since the Middle Ages, and there are definitely historical records of them being here in large numbers shortly after Kingdom Come takes place. In fact, there are even complaints of there being “more and more” Romani people in our records because of course our racism would be traditional.

We don’t know, of course, if there were any Romani around Skalice, but it was a way to include people of colour that wouldn’t break with general Czech history. It wouldn’t have gone against our own understanding of who has lived here for a long time. And yet they were never mentioned in any of the diversity complaints I have seen. There are also Cumans included in the game, and no one seems to care much either. And that brings me to my last point.

Demanding diversity in Kingdom Come with a particular idea of diversity in mind, the idea that is based on the ethnic composition of the US, is not only American-centric but also offensive to the oppressed minorities of the Czech Republic.  And complaining about such lack of diversity truly does not come across in a way that would endear the author of the complaint to anyone Czech. Especially if the person complaining is white. If a person of colour is offended by so much mayo in their game and would like to feel represented, I can understand that.

But when a white privileged American talks about what sorts of representation a Czech game should contain – particularly with arguments like that Czechia is “just north of Italy” and Italy is by the sea so obviously there’d be plenty of people of colour in here, which is an actual argument someone presented – it suddenly gains whole another tone. Because whiteness is not the only privilege in the world, and while we certainly benefit from it, we do not benefit from the privilege of being American, and anyone from the US telling us how to tell our own stories without knowing anything about us is always, always going to ring a very uncomfortable bell with us.

So yes, making all-white games should be avoided when possible, because it reinforces an uncomfortable narrative. And representation is a good thing, especially representation of those who hardly ever find themselves on screen. Whenever at least a little possible, diversity should be supported. Warhorse Studios really should have included Romani people in their game, just as Czech filmmakers should try casting some in their films. But not all representation fits one muster and demanding medieval Skalice should look like medieval London only makes stories more identical to each other and less interesting. There is more than one kind of diversity.

Images courtesy of Warhorse Studios

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Rebels Swansong Goes from Strength to Strength



In October 2017 Disney XD’s Star Wars Rebels (Rebels) returned for its fourth and final season. A run of nine episodes saw the series through to the end of 2017, and February 19th will see the airing of the final seven. For a show that is decidedly aimed at a younger demographic (Ezra’s first weapon was a wrist-mounted electric slingshot…think Bart Simpson in space), Rebels took a much darker and more serious tone for its final season.

Not to say there wasn’t still plenty of humour to be had—much of it slapstick—but the themes of leadership, grappling with loss and the age-old question of whether the ends justify the means set the tone for a more serious swansong. Only fitting, as the series hurtles toward Rogue One in the Star Wars canon timeline.

This piece will be a series of abridged review/recaps of the first nine episodes of the season, a catch-up, if you like, before weekly reviews commencing after the mid-season premiere next week. A quick note, most episodes were released as two-parters this season and the series has overall maintained a more serialised format during its final run.

Spoilers for the first half of Rebels season four to follow.

Heroes of Mandalore Parts I & II

Season four opens with sequels of sorts to season 3’s episodes “Trials of the Darksaber” and “Legacy of Mandalore”. The Rebellion on Mandalore is in full swing and Sabine’s (Tiya Sircar) family, Clan Wren, is leading the charge. Part I begins with Sabine, Ezra (Taylor Gray), Kanan (Freddie Prinze Jr) and Fenn Rau (Kevin McKidd) attacking an Imperial installation with the intent of rescuing Sabine’s father, held captive by the Empire.

Sabine leads the attack wielding the darksaber, but it’s a trap set by Imperial Governor of Mandalore Tiber Saxon (Tobias Menzies). Fortunately, Clan Wren’s beleaguered troops are rescued by Kara Thrace Bo-Katan Kryze (Katee Sackhoff), sister to the former Duchess Satine and former regent of Mandalore of The Clone Wars fame.

Mandalorian battle aftermath or post “Loot-train attack”?

They learn that Sabine’s father is actually on a prison transport nearby and rescue him successfully. Ursa and Tristan Wren make contact, reporting a victory over Imperial troops nearby, when Sabine hears the sound of a weapon powering up over the communication. She screams at her mother and brother to flee. They investigate the battlefield and find only charred Mandalorian armour.

Episode II opens with the reveal that Ursa and Tristan aren’t dead; they managed to escape the worst of the weapon’s range thanks to Sabine’s warning. They escape on one of Bo-Katan’s ships.

After regrouping at Bo-Katan’s hideout and realising that the weapon targets Mandalorian amour specifically and that Sabine herself designed it, Bo-Katan understandably loses her shit. Heated discussion follows but everyone eventually gets on board with a plan to destroy the weapon prototype and erase all data pertaining to its construction.

Tiber Saxon or Mandalorian Black Jack Randall? Can’t tell.

After attacking the facility and falling into yet another one of Saxon’s traps, Sabine manages to modify the weapon to be used against stormtrooper armour, as opposed to Mandalorian. The weapon is destroyed, Saxon killed and Bo-Katan claims the Darksaber, all Mandalorian clans pledging her their loyalty.

There is a lot of good in these episodes, the foremost of which is the conclusion of Sabine’s arc in relation to her Mandalorian identity. Sabine, like most of the Ghost crew, has always been an outsider. In last season’s “Trials of the Darksaber” we saw her come to terms with her internal relationship to her Manadalorian heritage and her shame from her past. In Legacy of Mandalore we saw her grapple with the impact her actions had on her relationship with her family. This two-parter allows her to face her relationship with Mandalore and her people as a whole, represented by Bo-Katan.

It’s especially great that she doesn’t have to be perfect in order to win the respect of Bo-Katan and her Mandalorian peers. She still makes mistakes, falls into traps, and wanders close to a dark path at the end by using the weapon on Tiber Saxon. Bo-Katan’s guidance helps her makes the right choice and she’s no longer an outcast among her people, but a hope and inspiration for Mandalore’s future. Sabine might be young and talented but it is the experienced, seasoned Bo-Katan who claims the mantle of leader at the end, with Sabine correctly recognising that Bo-Katan’s wisdom is what Mandalore needs.

There’s plenty of other great stuff here, like Bo-Katan’s arc that begins with refusing the mantle of leadership and ends with having it thrust upon her. Wonderful worldbuilding regarding the cultural value of Mandolorian armour and the method of its forging. Then there’s the existence of Sabine’s sensitive, artist Father Alrich (in contrast to her battle loving mother, Ursa), who is in no way viewed as less masculine by the more martial oriented Mandalorians. It’s a really great start to the season.

In the Name of the Rebellion Parts I and II

Part I finally brings us to the famous Rebel base on Yavin IV, where we get a reunion with Zeb (Steven Blum), Hera (Vanessa Marshall), Rex (Dee Bradley Baker) and a very suave looking former ISB agent Kallus (David Oyelowo).

“i joined the Rebellion so I could grow my hair out, okay? Sue me”

Hera’s squadron recently got chewed up, and Mon Mothma (Genevieve O’Reilly) thinks the Jalindi sensor relay is to blame, information given to them by Saw Gerrera (Forest Whittaker, reprising his role from Rogue One), obtained through torturing Imperial prisoners. Saw even goes so far as appear as a giant hologram and berate Mon Mothma for clinging to her principles, even as they make victory hard and harder to attain for the Alliance.

The Ghost crew are assigned to sabotage the Jalindi relay so that the Empire thinks it is still functional, but Ezra and Hera privately admit to wanting to just blow it up real good. The mission quickly goes south with a light cruiser arriving while Ezra and Sabine are still stuck on the relay. Thanks to some epic piloting by Hera and Kanan and the timely arrival of Saw, they succeed in blowing up the relay (instead of the planned sabotage). The episode ends with Saw and Two Tubes (the alien from Rogue One who captures Bodhi) jumping to hyperspace with Ezra, Sabine and Chopper still in their U-Wing.

Part II sees Saw explaining to Ezra and company that he’s tracking down some super secret Imperial stuff and has tracked it to a civilian freighter. Saw, Ezra, Sabine and Chopper board the transport and find it under Imperial control with stormtroopers and deathtroopers roaming the corridors. This is very much Death Star related, as we see when our Rebels find a giant kyber crystal and a bunch of energy engineers imprisoned in the hold.

Oh gee, I wonder where this might be going

Conflict emerges between Saw and the others, with Saw prioritising discovery of where the crystal is going over the safety of the prisoners. Saw escapes in his U-Wing after the transport arrives at rendezvous point, while the kyber crystal detonates leaving Ezra, Sabine and the engineers to be picked up by Hera in a stolen Imperial shuttle.

The first half of this two-parter is definitely the stronger one since the conflict for the heart of the Rebellion heats up. Saw’s berating of Mon Mothma is harsh, but Mon gives it back just as hard, calling Saw a criminal and labeling him ‘just as bad’ as those he kills. Later on when we learn the fate of Saw’s homeworld Onderon, you wonder if Mon might have a different perspective if the same thing happened to her home planet, Chandrila. It’s a good debate and although I’m pretty sure the narrative wants us to side with Mon, you can see Saw’s perspective during this episode in a way that’s somewhat lacking in something like Rogue One.

Saw and Mon might be fighting over the grand strategy, but the ideological struggle finds a way into the ground level missions undertaken by the Ghost crew. Hera, Sabine, and Ezra all question whether the long game of building the Rebellion is worth the cost of the short term goal of causing the Empire as much harm as possible. Only Kanan (who is becoming more a classic Jedi with every episode) seems sure about the path they’re taking.

The second episode does drag a little. Saw’s Ahab-like obsession with tracking down where this one random transport is going gets a little tiresome. We do get the payoff of seeing Ezra and Sabine’s decision to save the engineers have the positive effect of swelling the Rebellion’s ranks, while Saw flies off in his lonely little ship. All in all, it’s a solid follow-up to the season opener.

The Occupation & Flight of the Defender

Lothal before full Imperial occupation. Looks nice, hey? All idyllic-like, you could probably go waterskiing somewhere

“The Occupation” finally takes us back to Lothal, where it all began. Former Governor and dedicated Rebel Ryder Azadi lets Rebel Command know a new TIE Defender is being built, complete with a hyperdrive, missiles and shields. The Rebels use their old friend Vizago to smuggle them past Thrawn’s gigantic blockade and get down to the planet surface.

Lothal has changed since we were here last and not for the better. The crew’s old ally Jho is dead, his bar is now run by an Imperial TIE fighter bro. The whole planet looks red and burned, in contrast the greeny-white of the first season. As Ezra puts it

“Lothal looks like it’s dying.”

After a run in with Imperial authorities, the crew is lead to safety and Ryder’s camp by season one callback Jai Kell (rescued from the academy by Ezra and co way back in the day).

Annnnd after the Occupation. The smog and bushfires are lovely this time of year though.

While “Occupation” mainly dealt with the consequences full Imperial occupation has had for Lothal, “Flight” focuses on the core mission of investigating the new TIE Defender Elite. Ryder, Ezra, Zeb and Sabine scope out the base and watch the new fighter fly.

The main plot covers Ezra and Sabine’s attempts to steal the Defender Elite’s data recorder (and later the fighter itself) while Thrawn and Governor Pryce try to thwart them. There’s also a couple of little Kanan/Hera scenes that help contextualise the nature of their relationship and where they’re at as a couple, but more on that later.

Ezra and Sabine end up crashing the fighter but salvage its data recorder and hide its hyperdrive in Lothal’s hills. They’re then given a friendly ride back to camp by Ghost the Direwolf a White Loth Wolf that can apparently also speak. Yeah, it’s as weird as it sounds.

Seriously though, is this where Ghost went during season 7 GoT?

Character work mostly takes a backseat to plot in these two episodes as Rebels races to set up its Lothal endgame. The main character work centres around Ezra and his guilt over not being able to help his world avoid the fate of Saw’s planet. His desperation to save his world seems like it may eventually put him at odds with Kanan’s more measured approach.

Speaking of Kanan, he and Hera seem to be moving toward some kind of concrete definition of their relationship. These are two people who very obviously love each other but don’t have the time for a real life together outside of constant combat situations. Despite this and seemingly despite Hera’s better judgment these two characters seem to both be deciding in the face of the dire Imperial threat that present love is worth more than a potential future that may not come.

Over to our villains, Thrawn makes his first actually notable appearance for the season and gets a nice visual callout to the film “Patton” as he stands defiantly shooting his pistol at the ship Ezra and Sabine steal. There isn’t much else to say about these two episodes, but they serve adequately as set up for the endgame. As Kanan says:

“All paths are coming together now.”

Kindred & Crawler Commanders

“I’m telling you this IS me smiling dammit!” Sure Rukh.

The plot of “Kindred” revolves around the Rebel efforts to locate the stolen hyperdrive Ezra and Sabine hid last episode, allowing them to transport the stolen flight data recorder from the Defender Elite to Rebel Command, hopefully finding a weakness.

We’re also given a new Imperial character, one that fans of Timothy Zahn’s original Thrawn trilogy will be familiar with, the Noghri assassin Rukh. Rukh is basically assigned to the search for the Rebels by Thrawn as a direct repudiation of Governor Pryce’s effectiveness (sidenote: Governor Pryce is super hands on leading search parties, I guess she doesn’t want to ride a desk). There’s immediate friction between the two as Rukh quickly locates the Rebels due to Zeb’s distinct Lasat odour.

The Rebels split up and manage to lose their pursuers but not before Rukh places a tracker on Ezra’s speeder. They get the hyperdrive back to base and load it into Ryder’s beat up U-Wing ready for Hera to fly it away in the nick of time, while the others remain behind. Did I mention Hera and Kanan finally kiss on screen? It’s magical and I wish I could write a page about all the underlying feels.

The Imperials attack and things look grim, but once again the White Loth Wolf arrives and the gang decides to follow it, their justification for doing so and Ryder’s bemused response being amusingly meta,

Zeb: “When it gets strange like this it’s a good thing”

Ryder: “ How have you people stayed alive so long?”

How indeed. After being lead on a cave path that is part vision quest and part Mario Kart bonus track by the wolves, the Rebels wake up on the opposite hemisphere of Lothal and safe. The White Loth Wolf also seems to take a special interest in Kanan, it knows his name.

“Crawler Commanders“ is a by the numbers piece where the Rebels still on Lothal attempt to jack a Mining Guild crawler devastating Lothal’s countryside for it’s long range communications. Meanwhile, back at Yavin IV, Hera convinces command of the need for an attack on Lothal. Needless to say they’re both successful.

These two episodes continue the pattern of setting up the endgame, especially Crawler Commanders, which, although funny and engaging, is pretty light fare. There is good character work in “Kindred”, however, as we finally see Hera and Kanan make the choice to commit to each other romantically despite the war raging around them and their uncertain futures. The two of them have taken control of their present, committed both to each other and the Rebellion. For now, for them, it seems to be enough.

God, you two. Just stop it. I have something in my eye.

Then there are the trippy, mystical wolves and the hints that something darker and deeper is being done to Lothal by the Empire. Long-term plot implications detected, keep an eye on this space. Four episodes of basically setup in a row is a little disappointing, despite the good character work, but it’s all worth it when we get to the mid-season finale.

Rebel Assault

Absolutely no time is wasted getting going in this episode. Before the title card we have Hera being referred to as “General Syndulla”, the animated debut of the X-wing, the return of the once annoying Mart Mattin as a pilot in Hera’s squadron and S-foils being locked in attack position.

Lock those S-foils in attack position because General Hera is about to curb-stomp you and your blockade

This space battle is sublime, especially the dogfight between the newly appointed General and Imperial ace Commander Vult Skerris in his TIE Defender. Thrawn’s attempt to end the fight at the expense of his own pilot after Skerris disobeys orders and follows Hera into a Star Destroyer’s line of fire is appropriately cold.

Thrawn: “Skerris, break off your pursuit”

Skerris: “Negative, I almost have her”

Thrawn: “How unfortunate. Open fire.”

The Rebels break through the blockade but are met by Thrawn’s reserve, a second wave of TIE fighters. The X-wings and Y-Wings are shredded to the last, the lucky ones crash landing in the capital city streets as Kanan and the others look on from the outskirts in horror.

The rest of the episode is a cat and mouse chase as Rukh attempts to capture Hera and Mart and they try to escape the city. Hera is captured, but that ensures Chopper and Mart’s escape. Kanan races to rescue her and is stopped by the White Loth Wolf. He extracts Mart and Chopper, heading back to base with plans to rescue Hera later.

As big action set-pieces go, this episode is on par with the later seasons of TCW, which is the highest compliment I can pay an animated series of this style. I can really only describe Hera unleashing her full abilities as a combat pilot as awesome. Even though the attack fails, you’re left with no doubts about her abilities or her merits as a General. Her dedication to getting her pilot out of the city safely, even at her own expense, confirms this.

Not how I wanted this to turn out.

Thrawn, meanwhile, is in full blown Magnificent Bastard mode, capably dealing with everything the Rebellion throws at him while effectively sidelining Governor Pryce from the defense of her own planet. It will be interesting to see how these two clash in the episodes to come.

Overall Thoughts

The first half of Rebels final season was a strong string of episodes. Even the weaker installments “Crawler Commanders” and “In the Name of the Rebellion Pt II” had good humour beats and deft character work respectively. The stronger entries, namely the Mandalorian two-parter and the season finale are simply phenomenal. Closure to Sabine’s identity arc and Hera finally assuming her natural place as not just a warrior but a key leader of the Rebellion were necessary, natural steps, which I am so glad this series committed to taking. It’s also been really nice to see recurring characters like General Dodonna, Brom Titus, Vult Skerris, Jai Kell, Mart Mattin and Ryder Azadi on a regular basis.

Kanan’s character over the last three and a half seasons has gotten square with his roots in the Jedi Order, his role as Ezra’s teacher, and his blindness at the hands of Maul. Now we finally see him and Hera commit to each other romantically, even as he seems to embody the more traditional Jedi frame of mind. Seeing how he’s come full circle makes me wonder if closure of a different sort is coming for the gunslinger Jedi Knight. Time will tell.

It seems apparent that Ezra’s arc will dominate the later half of the season and whether he can save his planet will go a long way to determining the path he takes. Ezra is wracked with enough guilt at letting Lothal get this bad, if the planet is unable to be saved this could lead him down a darker path, especially is Kanan is no longer around to help him. There’s no record of Ezra in canon after Rebels, so anything is really possible.

That’s not to say it’s been perfect. Sadly, no-one really seemed to know what to do with Zeb’s character; he just lumbered from scene to scene with one liners, occasionally knocking people out. Our dashing ISB defector Kallus and our aged warrior Captain Rex were both similarly underused, despite being among the more interesting secondary characters in the ensemble.

Including an appearance from this guy.

Rebels has given us an exciting, weighty start to it’s final season, deftly handling both character and plot in a way that both satisfies yet stokes the curiosity for more. In other words, exactly what you want from the beginning of a swansong. Expect big things from the final seven episodes.


All images courtesy of Lucasfilm and Disney XD

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